Amarnath Cave – History and Facts

Amarnath Cave
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Last Updated on July 11, 2022

Being to Amarnath is one of the best decisions you could ever make to seek blessing. Amarnath, one of the holiest Hindu pilgrimages, is well known worldwide for the naturally occurring Shiva Linga made of snow. Since July and August are the only months when it is relatively simple to reach the holy cave, only the Shravan months are allowed for this celestial Yatra. This famed Shiva or Baba Bholenath pilgrimage is located 121 kilometres from the state capital city at 3888 metres above sea level. It is one of the holiest shrines in India and is significant to Hinduism. It is also thought that the Lingam fades after the Shravan month due to variations in the moon’s phases.


According to a widely accepted mythology, Lord Shiva was asked by Goddess Parvati to share the mysteries of precious life and death, but he refused since he didn’t want anyone to know. They then decided to head for the mountain cave, knowing that it would be impossible for anybody except the gods to enter. However, Lord Shiva wanted to keep their relationship private, so they left all of his friends and belongings behind and continued on their journey. 

For instance, he left his horse Nandi at Pahalgam. This moon decorated the top of his head at Chandanwadi, the snake he wore around his neck at Shesh Nag, and finally, the five essential elements of life that he had been carrying at Panchtarni. Even his son, Lord Ganesha, was left behind at Mahaguna Top, and pilgrims discovered all of these abandoned possessions and companions on their way up the arduous climb.



The meaning of Amarnath: Amar, which means immortal, and Nath, which means Lord, make up the name of this holy cave. The name alone says that this is where Lord Shiva told his bride Goddess Parvati the truth about life and death. Therefore, rajatarangini can be a reference point for Amareshwara or Amarnath’s religious significance. 

There is a legend that Trishula, numerous religious symbols, and banalingas were gifts to this temple from Queen Srimathi in the eleventh century. The historical chronicles of this sacred cave in Rajavalipataka, which Aryabhatta started, are well documented. In addition, numerous additional religious texts refer to spiritual values.

The finding of Amarnath Cave

Hindu tradition holds that the shepherd Buta Malik discovered this sacred cave. According to the legend, the shepherd once encountered a saint who sent him a bag full of coal. He was shocked to see that the coal bag had been changed into a sack packed with gold coins when he came home and opened it. He returned to the spot where he had first met the shepherd because he wanted to thank the saint, but he could not locate him because a shrine had been built there. The location has since been referred to as the Amarnath shrine which is now managed majorly by Shri Amarnath ji Shrine Board.

Some Amarnath Temple-related facts

  • Devotees walk up the mountain for days to reach the cave and catch sight of the Shivling made of snow when they visit the Amarnath temple in June. The Amarnath temple is the subject of the following fascinating facts.
  • The temple is significant because it is one of the 51 Shakti Peethas, making it a holy place where you can ask Lord Shiva to forgive you of your sins.
  • Shiva revealed to Goddess Parvati the truth of his immortality here.
  • Some claim to have spotted a couple of pigeons battling the elements inside the cave. Because they heard the tale from Lord Shiva, they are thought to be immortal.
  • Since Lord Shiva halted there while travelling to Amarnath, locations like Pahalgam, Chandanbadi, Sheshnag, Mahagunas, and Panjtarni have special significance.
  • You must pass through Pissu Top to get to the cave. It is said that this location included a mass of demons’ dead bodies who had fought Lord Shiva and perished.
  • The azure, chilly water of Lake Sheshnag is still present.
  • The Shivalinga, a stalagmite formed by the freezing of water drops falling from the roof to the floor, is growing vertically to resemble a large Shivalinga. The Amarnath cave is 130 feet high. The Shivalinga waxes from May to August, when the snow on the Himalayas melts. After that, the Shivalinga gradually shrinks and vanishes because water seeps into the granite.
  • According to popular belief, the Shivalinga changes in size due to the moon’s phases, which shine stronger in the summer.
  • Three naturally occurring Shiva Lingas, which stand for Lord Shiva, Goddess Parvati, and Lord Ganesh, are seen.
  • According to legend, the Amarnath cave is older than 5000 years.

How to visit?

travel to amarnath

By air

The closest airport is Srinagar, which is 72 kilometres away from Amarnath Cave Temple.

By Train

Jammu Tawi, which is 176 kilometres from the Amarnath Cave Temple, is the closest railroad station.

Via Road

The State Transport and Private Operators provide bus services from Jammu to Pahalgam and Baltlal. These are the two locations where the Amarnath Yatra can be started.

Choose to travel with zingbus.

The zingbus app provides a fantastic safe and secure experience for customers who want to buy bus tickets online with just a fingertip. You can travel with family or friends by choosing your seat while purchasing bus tickets online from zingbus. You’ll also get 24/7 access to customer service, which will stop all your travel worries.

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So don’t wait further to have your holy visit to Amarnath. Book your tickets now!

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